Egyptology – What is it?                        Downloads - Resources 

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 Egypt – Where is it?

Egypt – A History

Egypt – A Mystery

Egypt – A Culture

Egypt – Religious Beliefs

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Egypt – Where is it?

      Geographical Location

Egypt is a country on the Eastern side of North Africa, having Libya on its West and Israel on its East. Its coastlines meet with the Mediterranean and the Red Seas. It covers an area of 1,001,449 km2. The distance from North to South Egypt is 1,024km and from West to East is 1,240km. The exact Co-ordinates of Egypt are 27° 0' 0" N, 30° 0' 0" E.


       Climate & Topography

The main part of Egypt is covered by deserts forming part of the Sahara Desert, having also mountainous regions. However, the desert can be divided between the Western and Eastern Deserts. Another important feature of Egypt is of course the famous Nile River passing right through all of the country and ending in the Nile Delta at the North of Egypt. Together with this, there is also the Sinai peninsula which forms part of Egypt as well. The climate of Egypt is moderate, however it differs from the coastal regions to the desert parts. Near the coast the temperature average is of minimum 14 °C (57.2 °F) in winter and average of maximum 30 °C (86 °F) in summer. In the desert regions, the temperature fluctuates more as in summer it can go from 7 °C (44.6 °F) at night, to 52 °C (125.6 °F) during the day. In winter the range of temperature is 0 °C (32 °F) at night, and as high as 18 °C (64.4 °F) during the day. Being a arid country, Egypt receives few rainfall each year which varies from 80mm in the desert areas to 200mm in the coastal areas.


      The Nile River

The Nile river starts in Ethiopia and ends in the Mediterranean Sea on the coast of Egypt. It is 6,650 km long and therefore it is the longest river in the world. In fact, this river was crucial for the Ancient Egyptians. The first people who settled on this river’s basin did so 8000 years ago! This is because, even back then, they knew that water was crucial to support life. They kept in mind that all the other parts of Egypt where simple desert, which will not support life while the river would do the contrary. Moreover, due to the river, the only fertile land in Egypt is to be found along its basins and hence it was also important for the Anicent Egyptians to cultivate their food. The early Egyptians would not only use the fertile land around the river to practise the first agriculture but also use Nile’s water in engineering works, such as man made canals to irrigate the fields. Besides this, the Nile was also a system of transportation along Egypt from the North to the South. Finally, it also had a religious connotation as it had its own god, Hapy, which controlled the floods of the Nile and the river also represented the journey of life, with its Eastern side representing birth and the Western side representing death (since the Sun god, Ra, would rise in the East and set on the West of the Nile)



Egyptologist Alert!- Use Google Earth to locate Egypt and take snapshots of Egypt. Paste them in a Fact File which you can create in class. Use Google Maps to print a map of Egypt and mark important landmarks on the map.

   Pop Questions

  • Why is the river important ?

  • What is the name of the river that crosses Egypt ?

  Extra Activity

Download the PDF file and work out this Map of Egypt activity in class.

Colouring and Writing Activity

Down this free coloring page showing an Ancient Egyptian with his boat on the Nile and write in about 50 words what he might be doing, where is he going and why.

Disclaimer © 2011 - Abela Samantha, Balzan Matthew, Camilleri Diane